What answer will get Lithuania to the provocations of the independence of Kaliningrad?

Какой ответ получит Литва на провокации о независимости Калининграда?

On this day 75 years ago was one of the key events in the recent history of Lithuania the country were transferred to the land on which is the current capital of the state. However, Lithuanian politicians and experts engaged in questions of legitimacy inclusion of Crimea and the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation, try not to be reminded of the fact that a large part of the territory of modern Lithuania recently it did not belong.

Today marks 75 years since the transfer of land Lithuania Vilnius region. After the collapse of the Russian Empire Vilnius to the surrounding areas became a disputed territory, claimed by both Poland and the young Republic of Lithuania. Only by 1922 Warsaw managed to secure a land of Wilno. As a result, we finally formed, the Republic of Lithuania had territories in which there is including its current capital. Did not have to continue, if not for the Red Army, which is September 19, 1939 entered in Vilna, and after less than a month was signed by the Lithuanian-Soviet Treaty on the Transfer of Lithuania Vilnius and Vilna area. According to contemporary accounts, the day of the signing of this contract, October 10, in Kaunas in honor of this event held festivities, the festivities, people hugging and congratulating each other. In short, Lithuania filled atmosphere vilnyusnash.”

But why 75 years later, the Lithuanian authorities to ignore such an important event in the history of their country? In connection with the anniversary is not planned any celebrations or even a modest roundtable of historians who would remind the public about yesterday’s triumph.

This “forgetfulness” Lithuanian establishment in the current environment is quite understandable: the republic’s authorities have become hostages of their own “hawkish” anti-Russian rhetoric. In political and expert community in Lithuania in recent years have increasingly there are discussions about the need to tear away from the Russian territory, which allegedly are illegal within the Russian Federation. And it’s not just about the Crimea, but also about the Kaliningrad region. For example, a few weeks ago the Lithuanian political scientist and member of the Conservative Party of Lithuania Laurynas Kaschyunas pages Lithuanian media said that in 1945, at the Potsdam Conference, Kaliningrad region was assigned to the Soviet Union only 50 years old, what is necessary to remind Russia. Also, the analyst said that it would be useful, if not a separate Russian exclave, then at least make it a special status within the borders of the Russian Federation: “If the citizens of Kaliningrad offered the prospect of economic development, opening the European market, the region would have realized that it is a natural need . If Russia will not be able to meet this demand, it will be possible to think about the referendum on the status of the Kaliningrad region. However, it is important that the referendum initiated by the people themselves. “

However, such advances to historical justifications affiliation of the territories to Russia fraught primarily for Lithuania itself.

Particularly vulnerable in this case are just the lands of the former Vilna region. Paradoxically, but the capital of Lithuania, with the surrounding areas this is one of the most “non-Lithuanian” areas of the country. For example, in the Vilnius region Poles make up the majority (over 52%) of the population. And in the nearby area Šalčininkai ethnic Lithuanians generally represent only 10% of the population. But this is only half the problem the ethnic diversity of the territories does not entail problems if the company merged into a civic nation. Lithuanian State as national minority, whether Polish or Russian, is perceived primarily as a “fifth column”, rather than as full-fledged citizens of Lithuania. In this case, the official Vilnius no effort to overcome this social schism, rather the opposite: for example, consideration of the Law on national minorities in the Diet has been postponed for the past few months.

In this case, a potential threat to the south-eastern branch of the Lithuanian territory acknowledged by Lithuanian politicians. Similar concerns have been raised even at the level of MEPs for example, in 2011 in the Lithuanian embassy in Brussels held a debate on the Lithuanian-Belarusian relations, organized by local Lithuanian community, which was attended by members of the European Parliament Justas Vincas Paleckis and Algirdas Savdargas. As part of the discussion Lithuanian politicians recognized that Lukashenko of Belarus headed convenient for Lithuania is the fact that does not allow the development of radical nationalism in his country. Algirdas Savdargas recalled then that of the Belarusian opposition voices, that the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a Belarusian state, and Vilnius – Belarusian town, so the arrival of such political forces to power in neighboring Belarus could pose a serious threat to Lithuania.

At this point, the question of the independence of the former territories of the Vilnius Region, of course, no one is placed. However, far before that will, if from Lithuania will still penetrated with calls to reconsider membership of the Kaliningrad region in Russia? If the opinion of the Department of Russian exclave move in Lithuania with an expert on the political level, the response of Moscow is unlikely to force myself to wait, and this response is likely to be touching the legality of the existence of the land of the former Vilna region within the boundaries of modern Lithuania. But that did not happen, rather small: remember the history of their country, and not someone else.

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